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dc.contributor.authorBaharoon, Salim
dc.contributor.authorMemish, Ziad A.
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Middle East Respiratory Coronavirus Virus (MERS-CoV) first emerged from Saudi Arabia in 2012 and has since been recognized as a significant human respiratory pathogen on a global level. Methods: In this narrative review, we focus on the prevention of MERS-CoV. We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Scopus, and Google Scholar, using the following terms: ‘MERS’, ‘MERS-CoV’, ‘Middle East respiratory syndrome’ in combination with ‘prevention’ or ‘infection control’. We also reviewed the references of each article to further include other studies or reports not identified by the search. Results: As of Nov 2019, a total of 2468 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS-CoV were diagnosed mostly from Middle Eastern regions with a mortality rate of at least 35%. A major outbreak that occurred outside the Middle East (in South Korea) and infections reported from 27 countries. MERS-CoV has gained recognition as a pathogen of global significance. Prevention of MERS-CoV infection is a global public health priority. Healthcare facility transmission and by extension community transmission, the main amplifier of persistent outbreaks, can be prevented through early identification and isolation of infected humans. While MERS-CoV vaccine studies were initially hindered by multiple challenges, recent vaccine development for MERS-CoV is showing promise. Conclusions: The main factors leading to sustainability of MERS-CoV infection in high risk courtiers is healthcare facility transmission. MERS-CoV transmission in healthcare facility mainly results from laps in infection control measures and late isolation of suspected cases. Preventive measures for MERS-CoV include disease control in camels, prevention of camel to human transmission.en_US
dc.subjectCoronavirus Infectionsen_US
dc.subjectMiddle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirusen_US
dc.subjectSevere Acute Respiratory Syndromeen_US
dc.subjectRespiratory Tract Infectionsen_US
dc.subjectGastrointestinal Diseasesen_US
dc.titleMERS-CoV as an emerging respiratory illness: A review of prevention methodsen_US
eihealth.categoryInfection prevention and control, including health care workers protectionen_US
eihealth.typePublished Articleen_US
eihealth.maincategoryProtect Health Care Workers / Proteger la Salud de los Trabajadoresen_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalTravel Medicine and Infectious Diseaseen_US

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